Zoology

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  • Sexual selection isn't the last word on bird plumage

    Zoology News -- ScienceDaily
    27 Mar 2015 | 11:30 am
    Evolutionary changes have led to both sexes becoming closer together in color over time to blend into their surroundings and hide from predators, a new study has found.
  • Defending Darwin

    Zoology News
    26 Mar 2015 | 2:18 am
    This essay is adapted from a piece originally printed in the March/April 2015 issue of Orion . Request a free trial issue of Orion To teach evolution at the University of Kentucky is to teach at an institution steeped in the history of defending evolution education.
  • Reports on badgers Meles meles in Dutch newspapers 1900–2013: same animals, different framings?

    MedWorm: Zoology
    27 Mar 2015 | 4:37 pm
    Abstract Culling wild badgers Meles meles in an attempt to control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) infections in domestic cattle has provoked a long and fierce debate in the UK. Research has shown that the controversy over badger culling exists because of fundamental differences in how badgers and their relationship with humans are framed (viewed and described) by various people and groups. However, these different framings pre‐existed the bTB badger culling debate. In the Netherlands, bTB is absent in cattle. Until the 1980s, the badger population showed a strong decline, due to…
  • Innovative Eco Architecture: Shelter Made of Palm Leaves

    WebEcoist
    Steph
    27 Mar 2015 | 12:00 pm
    What better way to build environmentally friendly architecture that respects the customs and aesthetics of a particular place than making novel use of local materials? We’ve seen lots of cool bamboo architecture built in places where the plant literally grows like a weed, and now a design firm called 3 Ideas Limited is harvesting palm […] The post Innovative Eco Architecture: Shelter Made of Palm Leaves appeared first on WebEcoist.
  • Leopard Gecko Breeding Part 3 |Pairing

    ReptileApartment.com
    John F Taylor
    25 Mar 2015 | 3:00 am
    ReptileApartment.com - "It's Not a desire; it's an obsession to share our knowledge with people interested in herpetoculture."  Authored by Ron Tremper Leopard Gecko The Breeding Season North of the equator, most reproductive leopard geckos experience a breeding season that begins as early as January and extends to late September with some geckos laying eggs into October.  For individuals that are hatched late in a given year they may not start to cycle […] The article Leopard Gecko Breeding Part 3 |Pairing appeared first on ReptileApartment.com
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    Zoology News -- ScienceDaily

  • Sexual selection isn't the last word on bird plumage

    27 Mar 2015 | 11:30 am
    Evolutionary changes have led to both sexes becoming closer together in color over time to blend into their surroundings and hide from predators, a new study has found.
  • New lobster-like predator found in 508 million-year-old fossil-rich site

    27 Mar 2015 | 9:05 am
    What do butterflies, spiders and lobsters have in common? They are all surviving relatives of a newly identified species called Yawunik kootenayi, a marine creature with two pairs of eyes and prominent grasping appendages that lived as much as 508 million years ago -- more than 250 million years before the first dinosaur.
  • Evolutionary novelties in vision

    27 Mar 2015 | 6:09 am
    A new study shows that genes crucial for vision were multiplied in the early stages of vertebrate evolution and acquired distinct functions leading to the sophisticated mechanisms of vertebrate eyes.
  • Predicting pesticide loads more accurately

    27 Mar 2015 | 6:07 am
    The EU wants to further improve the authorization process for pesticides. The different national procedures for this are supposed to be further harmonized. Researchers have now developed a software for estimating the transfer of pesticides into surface water initially in Germany.
  • Antibiotic effectiveness imperiled as use in livestock expected to increase

    26 Mar 2015 | 1:27 pm
    Antibiotic consumption in livestock worldwide could rise by 67 percent between 2010 and 2030, and possibly endanger the effectiveness of antimicrobials in humans, researchers warn.
 
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    Zoology News

  • Defending Darwin

    26 Mar 2015 | 2:18 am
    This essay is adapted from a piece originally printed in the March/April 2015 issue of Orion . Request a free trial issue of Orion To teach evolution at the University of Kentucky is to teach at an institution steeped in the history of defending evolution education.
  • Social status has impact on overall health of mammals

    12 Mar 2015 | 8:42 am
    In a first-of-its-kind study involving a wild species, Michigan State University researchers have shown that social and ecological factors affect animal health. The results, published in the current issue of Biology Letters , focused on spotted hyenas in Kenya.
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    MedWorm: Zoology

  • Reports on badgers Meles meles in Dutch newspapers 1900–2013: same animals, different framings?

    27 Mar 2015 | 4:37 pm
    Abstract Culling wild badgers Meles meles in an attempt to control the spread of bovine tuberculosis (bTB) infections in domestic cattle has provoked a long and fierce debate in the UK. Research has shown that the controversy over badger culling exists because of fundamental differences in how badgers and their relationship with humans are framed (viewed and described) by various people and groups. However, these different framings pre‐existed the bTB badger culling debate. In the Netherlands, bTB is absent in cattle. Until the 1980s, the badger population showed a strong decline, due to…
  • Molecular characterization of ‘Candidatus Rickettsia vini’ in Ixodes arboricola from the Czech Republic and Slovakia

    26 Mar 2015 | 4:00 pm
    Publication date: Available online 11 March 2015 Source:Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases Author(s): Marketa Novakova , Alexandra Bulkova , Francisco B. Costa , Anton Kristin , Milos Krist , Frantisek Krause , Eva Liznarova , Marcelo B. Labruna , Ivan Literak The aim of this study was to analyze the prevalence of rickettsiae in the tree-hole tick Ixodes arboricola in the Czech Republic and Slovakia. During May to September of 2009 and 2013, bird boxes belonging to three different areas were screened for ticks. In total, 454 nestlings and 109 nests of 10 hole-breeding bird species were examined.
  • Utilization of a real-time PCR assay for diagnosis of Babesia microti infection in clinical practice

    26 Mar 2015 | 4:00 pm
    Publication date: Available online 24 March 2015 Source:Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases Author(s): Guiqing Wang , Gary P. Wormser , Jian Zhuge , Patrick Villafuerte , Dawn Ip , Christine Zeren , John T. Fallon Babesiosis is an emerging tick-borne disease mainly caused Babesia microti, a protozoan that infects erythrocytes. Microscopic examination of blood smears is the current gold standard for detection of Babesia infection, but this diagnostic test has several limitations. We developed and assessed the clinical utilization of a multiplex real-time PCR assay targeting the 18S rRNA gene of B.
  • Anaplasma marginale major surface protein 1a: A marker of strain diversity with implications for control of bovine anaplasmosis

    26 Mar 2015 | 4:00 pm
    Publication date: Available online 14 March 2015 Source:Ticks and Tick-borne Diseases Author(s): Alejandro Cabezas-Cruz , José de la Fuente Classification of bacteria is challenging due to the lack of a theory-based framework. In addition, the adaptation of bacteria to ecological niches often results in selection of strains with diverse virulence, pathogenicity and transmission characteristics. Bacterial strain diversity presents challenges for taxonomic classification, which in turn impacts the ability to develop accurate diagnostics and effective vaccines. Over the past decade, the…
  • Description of a new species of Microcanuella Mielke, 1994 (Copepoda: Polyarthra: Canuellidae) from the Great Meteor Seamount plateau (subtropical NE Atlantic Ocean), with remarks on the geographical distribution of the genus

    26 Mar 2015 | 4:00 pm
    Publication date: Available online 26 March 2015 Source:Zoologischer Anzeiger - A Journal of Comparative Zoology Author(s): Karin Pointner The species Microcanuella secunda sp. n. (Copepoda, Polyarthra, Canuellidae) is described from the plateau of the Great Meteor Seamount. It can be clearly identified as Microcanuella Mielke, due to the following generic autapomorphies: (1) Body size < 700μm; (2) Reduced armature of P4 exp3 and enp3 with only 2 setae; (3) P1 enp3 with at most 4 elements and (4) P1 exp3 with at most 5 elements. As this is the second described species of Microcanuella, an…
 
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    WebEcoist

  • Innovative Eco Architecture: Shelter Made of Palm Leaves

    Steph
    27 Mar 2015 | 12:00 pm
    What better way to build environmentally friendly architecture that respects the customs and aesthetics of a particular place than making novel use of local materials? We’ve seen lots of cool bamboo architecture built in places where the plant literally grows like a weed, and now a design firm called 3 Ideas Limited is harvesting palm […] The post Innovative Eco Architecture: Shelter Made of Palm Leaves appeared first on WebEcoist.
  • Living Sculptures: Bees Manipulated to Create Artistic Forms

    Steph
    26 Mar 2015 | 9:00 am
    One transparent cube after another displays a strange undulating form of honeycomb, each one unique and notably different from any you would find in nature when bees are left to their own devices. Beijing-based artist and beekeeper Ren Ri displays these three-dimensional organic forms at Pearl Lam Galleries Hong Kong SOHO, exploring what happens when […] The post Living Sculptures: Bees Manipulated to Create Artistic Forms appeared first on WebEcoist.
  • Bra Seers: Artist Opens Eyes With Bra Cup Art

    Steve
    24 Mar 2015 | 10:00 am
    Forget bootstraps, bra straps (and cups) are where it's at! Malaysian artist Louise Low Seok Loo fights cultural taboos with her eye-popping bra cup art. The post Bra Seers: Artist Opens Eyes With Bra Cup Art appeared first on WebEcoist.
  • Meet Sparklemuffin and Skeletorus, Two New Spider Species

    Steph
    23 Mar 2015 | 1:39 pm
    Not only are these two newly-discovered spiders beautifully patterned, they’re also known for their elaborate courtship dances, earning them the hilarious and memorable names ‘Sparklemuffin’ and ‘Skeletorus.’ Researchers found the two new species in southeast Queensland, Australia. Members of the ‘peacock’ family of spiders, the striking specimens were photographed by UC Berkeley graduate student Madeline […] The post Meet Sparklemuffin and Skeletorus, Two New Spider Species appeared first on WebEcoist.
  • Stacked Decks: Haroshi’s Recycled Skateboard Art

    Steve
    17 Mar 2015 | 10:00 am
    Like most skateboarders, Haroshi goes through a lot of decks. Unlike his 'boarding brethren, however, he recycles busted decks into striking works of art. The post Stacked Decks: Haroshi’s Recycled Skateboard Art appeared first on WebEcoist.
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    ReptileApartment.com

  • Leopard Gecko Breeding Part 3 |Pairing

    John F Taylor
    25 Mar 2015 | 3:00 am
    ReptileApartment.com - "It's Not a desire; it's an obsession to share our knowledge with people interested in herpetoculture."  Authored by Ron Tremper Leopard Gecko The Breeding Season North of the equator, most reproductive leopard geckos experience a breeding season that begins as early as January and extends to late September with some geckos laying eggs into October.  For individuals that are hatched late in a given year they may not start to cycle […] The article Leopard Gecko Breeding Part 3 |Pairing appeared first on ReptileApartment.com
  • Hermann’s Tortoise | Breeding

    John F Taylor
    21 Mar 2015 | 3:00 am
    ReptileApartment.com - "It's Not a desire; it's an obsession to share our knowledge with people interested in herpetoculture." Authored by Chris Leone Garden State Tortoise Hermann’s Tortoise Reproduction and Breeding In the wild, Hermann’s tortoises wake up from their winter rest anywhere from March through May (depending on region) and nesting occurs from May through July. Males reach a peak in sexual activity immediately following emergence from their hibernaculums and again several weeks […] The article Hermann’s Tortoise | Breeding appeared first…
  • Hermann’s Tortoise | Captive Care

    John F Taylor
    20 Mar 2015 | 3:00 am
    ReptileApartment.com - "It's Not a desire; it's an obsession to share our knowledge with people interested in herpetoculture." Authored by Chris Leone Garden State Tortoise Hermann’s Tortoise Captive Care Essentials Hermann’s Tortoise Size Variation Size varies with Hermann’s tortoises. Typically, the eastern subspecies tops out between 6” for males and 8” for females (4.5-6” for the Dalmatian variant). Smaller examples from areas like southern Greece and huge specimens (9 to 11”) from places […] The article Hermann’s Tortoise | Captive…
  • Hermann’s Tortoise | Natural History

    John F Taylor
    19 Mar 2015 | 3:00 am
    ReptileApartment.com - "It's Not a desire; it's an obsession to share our knowledge with people interested in herpetoculture." Authored by Chris Leone Garden State Tortoise Hermann’s Tortoise (Testudo hermanni)​ To date there are two recognized and/or accepted subspecies after a recent attempt to elevate them to the rank of full species level(“Eurotestudo”, 2006) failed. This will most likely be revisited in years to come with a different result based on the high degree […] The article Hermann’s Tortoise | Natural History appeared first on…
  • Indian Ornamental | Poecilotheria regalis

    John F Taylor
    18 Mar 2015 | 3:00 am
    ReptileApartment.com - "It's Not a desire; it's an obsession to share our knowledge with people interested in herpetoculture." Invertebrate Interests is authored by Lillie Nyte of Inverts Unlimited Poecilotheria regalis | Indian Ornamental Tarantula General Description Synonyms: Ornithoctonus gadgili Common name(s): Indian ornamental, Indian ornamental tarantula, Indian ornamental tree spider, Ornamental tree spider, Regal parachute spider, King parachute spider Keeper experience: Advanced Adult size: 7+ inch leg span Growth rate: Fast (Males reach […] The…
 
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    ZOOmoments - The Zoo Within

  • Photozoo I.

    28 Mar 2015 | 5:05 am
    While animal photos are usually very popular, zoo photography is not that accepted at all. I often meet this judgment: taking the picture was not a challenge, captive animals are not natural and they are depressed. This statement is not fiction, I read it in a book on nature photography (I do not remember the exact title, eventually I did not buy the book…). Although it is unquestionable that stalking a wild animal is much more difficult, taking photos of them in zoos is a challenging task as well; actually it is a special field of photography. Below I would like to share my experiences and…
  • Nomen est omen II.

    18 Mar 2015 | 10:07 am
    This article is the continuation of Nomen est omen I. that I promised at the end of that article. If you haven't read the first part yet, you can find it here: First part. This article will be about less funny, but more interesting names such as Colon rectum or Oedipus complex. I found much more interesting scientific names while I was browsing for this second article than when I was searching for the first time. I collected my favourites here, but readers will also have the opportunity to discover additional gems for themselves. It is a wonderful free time activity and a very useful one. To…
  • Dental Surgery of a Leopard

    11 Mar 2015 | 1:05 pm
    A few years ago my colleagues and I waited excitedly for the first Persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) to arrive at our zoo. We were quite happy when the young female leopard moved into our quarantine. However, she was still living in the quarantine when the keepers noticed that she ate less than before. They increased attention and so they saw that the lower left canine of the leopard was broken. Since the open tooth cavity is an invitation to bacteria and other infections, a rapid intervention was necessary. Our veterinarians contacted a vet who specializes in veterinary dentistry.
  • Saving the Rarest Cat – the Iberian Lynx

    10 Mar 2015 | 10:00 am
    Two endemic carnivorous species live in Europe: one is the European mink (Mustela lutreola) and the other is the Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus). The Iberian lynx is the most endangered carnivorous species in Europe and the rarest feline species in the world. Thus this species is listed as critically endangered by IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature). The Iberian lynx were distributed throughout the whole Iberian Peninsula in the middle of the 19th century, but today only a small population survives in Central and Southwest Spain in the Sierra Morena, Montes de Toledo and…
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